If you’re new to prepping and are overwhelmed by the number of things people add to their bug out bags, if all you’re looking for is a basic list of supplies to start with, then this article is for you.
Regardless of your age, sex, location, climate, medical condition, or disasters you have to face, if you’re new to prepping, this is an excellent starting point because you simply cannot go wrong when buying them.
Let’s remember the rule of threes which is an excellent starting point for knowing your priorities in times of emergency to build our list. The rule states that:
A person can live no more than 3 minutes without air, 3 hours without shelter, 3 days without water and 3 weeks without food.
Let’s group the bug out bag emergency essentials based on it this rule.
Air/Breathing and Vision
- Buy at least a couple of N95 respirators but, if you can get your hands on better ones such as N99, N100, R95, P95, that’s even better)
- Protective eye-wear (such as a good pair of goggles)
Shelter and Clothing
Keeping your core body temperature steady is a HUGE deal. Consider having the following:
- a tent
- a tarp (that can act as a shelter or insulation under your tent to protect you from the cold ground)
- clothes for warm weather and cold weather
- a cotton bandanna
- a pair of work gloves
- a bottle of water (one should be enough because water is heavy)
- a Sawyer Mini (purifies almost 400 times more water than the lifestraw, is half the size and comes with some really useful accessories)
- a few water purification tablets as back-up
Food, Fire and Cooking
- energy bars, MREs, and freeze-dried food are all good BOB food options, the key is to opt for lightweight food
- a couple of lighters
- strike anywhere matches or ferro rod or magnesium firestriker
- a stainless steel cooking pot
- a small foldable stove
Communications and Navigation
- cell phone and a way to charge it
- a good compass
- maps of the area you live in (preferably topographical)
Light and Electricity
- a hand-crank flashlight that also works on batteries
- a headlamp
- a good survival knife
- a folding knife as a back-up
- a good multi-tool
- a pair of scissors
- a sewing kit
Medical, First Aid and Hygiene
- band-aids of various shapes and sizes (adhesive, H bandages, triangular, etc.)
- alcohol wipes (for cleaning wounds)
- a tourniquet
- non-latex gloves (preferably nitrile)
- hand sanitizer
- antibiotic cream
- toilet paper
- hand sanitizer
- microfiber towel
- and, of course, a waterproof container to store all of this.
Weapons and Self-Defense
- a firearm
- possibly an alternative survival weapon
Is this list set in stone? Far from it. These are just the essentials to have in your BOB. You can find more bug out bag items to add here. Still, I guarantee you cannot go wrong with buying any of the items above. Everyone should have them.
If you want a downloadable printable PDF checklist with the items mentioned in this article, you can get it here. Still, don’t forget to pin this article on your favorite Pinterest board for later!
last update: 09/11/2019 by Dan F. Sullivan