[dropcap]T[/dropcap]oday we will make a few traps in the “humane eviction” theme for squirrels. These are 3 traps to keep the squirrel alive so it can be relocated, or harvested as you wish. The most common reason to catch a squirrel alive is to move him to a place that he isn’t destructive to your garden or animals.
We will do 3 outdoors, and one that can be used when you have them living indoors with you. As squirrels are territorial and keep other squirrels away, if you remove them more may come.
Why set Traps?
The biggest reason I can see is the destruction a squirrel can wreak on your garden and anything outside.
- They are active year round, and can have 2 litters a year with up to 4 babies each time.
- The can be devastating to gardens by eating seedlings, roots, and digging up vegetables. They like to plant their nuts, which is cute, but they do not stop there. They eat fruit, seeds, and twigs and flowers. They steal corn, strawberries, tomatoes, kale, and any soft fruits or berries.
- They strip the bark from young bushes and trees and eat the buds. They ate my roses. This is war.
- They chew on outdoor plastics such as sprinklers and irrigation lines. Wooden materials like furniture and wooden buildings will show gnawing as they need to get their teeth filed down.
- They destroy eggs from ground nesting birds, including if your chickens lay eggs outside. They kill young birds like poults. That is grounds enough.
- We all have seen bird feeders that cannot outsmart a squirrel, so they take the other animals food. This includes all grain and seeds, including from livestock and poultry.
TIP: the best bird feeder protector I have seen to keep squirrels out was a regular slinky on its pole.
- I have seen them get in the garbage and get out fried chicken legs! I had no idea they ate those!
- They chew on electrical wiring, cables, and anything on the roof or house. Besides interrupting cable and internet service (a sin here) this can cause a fire!
Biggest Reason to Relocate: Squirrels Carry Diseases
Squirrels can carry salmonella bacteria which causes diarrhea abdominal cramps and fevers. This can be transmitted by them on their fur and paws, not necessarily a bite or close contact. They get in the animals feed and water, and since they are wild, they can contaminate it. They eat my dogs food when it spills, as do the deer.
Honestly, my little girl Prissy has been ill and the vet couldn’t figure out where she contracted this. Well, I have to wonder as our yard for the small dogs is under trees that have acorns everywhere, and squirrels get into their water and run everywhere.
They also can be carriers of:
- Lyme disease, which affects the nervous system including the brain and spinal cord
- Colorado tick fever
- Tularemia affects lymph nodes and your immune system
- Rounding out the diseases squirrels can transmit is plague!
How can a squirrel transmit a disease to pets, livestock, or humans?
- marking their territory in your attic
- a simple scratch
- fleas and mites carrying it from them to you or your animals
On to the trapping, now we know those cuties can have a down side. In some states its legal to hunt and kill them, but not relocate without the Fish and Wildlife getting a call. So maybe call them if you plan on doing this. You do not want a fine for something you were doing to be kind.
Squirrels do bite:
Using everyday materials for traps and improvising is what I like to do. These days it is possible to find a specialty item for almost anything. That includes traps. It may be the Cherokee in me, but I like building traps and using primitive means. In these we are using PVC pipe, which would’ve been a hollowed out branch or small tree in the bush. Some type of tubular natural structure.
With this, I had to forage into “No-Man’s Land”, i.e. Eric’s garage and workshop. I felt like a squirrel nervously twitching my tail, and you’d better believe I looked for tripwires or loose leaves indicating pits or nets. Like the crafty squirrel on a birdfeeder, nothing held me back. I absconded with some PVC pipe and a few tools and materials. A few materials came from the kitchen: Pam and bait (organic peanut butter).
DIY PVC Squirrel Tube Trap
Drill holes in the pipe as shown. For the base do not drill 6” from either end, put 6 in the middle.
For the top piece, one hole 2 inches from the top will do, on either side. The end that will be pointing up gets the holes. Drill the holes across from one another.
Assemble the trap’s base pieces. Use the pvc adapter on one end and the elbow on the other. I didn’t use any glue or adhesives as they were pretty snug.
For the top piece without holes, put the cap on. Again so not glue. You will want to be able to remove this.
Assemble and bait your trap. I used organic peanut butter to smear inside, and I also used a spray oil to make the inside slippery. That’s the premise with this trap. They go in for the food, and end up sliding to the bottom and get stuck there. Unable to get back up the slippery incline.
After scouting for signs of squirrels pick a tree that you can place the trap against. Lock the trap in place with bricks or stones.
Use the holes on the top piece to place nuts or screws for your bungee cord to hook to. You can also just tie it on with the holes, but with a lively upset squirrel, you may not want to take your chances with a stubborn knot.
Lever PVC Squirrel Tube Trap
For this next trap, we will also be using PVC, but the premise is using it as a lever. When the lever is activated by the squrriel going into the tube’s end where the bait is (below), the door comes down.
A small pivot is used in the middle, think see saw motion. The squrriels weight works against him. If he tries to come back to the other end that he entered, the traps door is held shut against a small barrier.
Tilong Type PVC Squrriel Tube Trap
This trap uses a mechanism as a trigger to bring the door down on the squrriel. You place your bait in the back of the tube. When the squrriel enters he triggers a middle tab with his body pushing it out of place. This activates the mechanism, closing the door by a pulley system.
Video of squirrels chewing the roof:
Indoor/outdoor PVC Squirrel Tube Trap
This one is for squirrels that may live inside your house, like the attic or a garage. It uses the same principle as the first tube trap, but it’s a longer pvc pipe tube and it ends in a ventilated wire cage for easy removal.
If it is an area you cannot check every day, or there may be more than one squirrel you want to remove from the area, this is a good trap for that as the cage does not close off, leaving access to more than the first squirrel that is caught in it.
You use a pretty steep elevation, and a slick substance such a vegetable oil or Pam to spray inside. Even WD-40 may be used, but the smell may be too much for them. Place a smear of peanut butter very deep in the pipe towards the cage, so they need to enter to get the bait. You want it about ¾th the way down the pvc pipe so they can smell it, but not get discouraged. Maybe a bug hunk of bait there and some smaller dribbling towards the entry end.
Once they enter the pvc pipe they should slide down into the wire cage. This works well for mama and babies too, if you have seen the babies around or they are old enough to be up and walking. They will smell her and follow her into the cage below. They can be transplanted elsewhere together, so this trap is good for catching families of varmints too.
Basic Bait and Snare Box Trap
This is not a pvc pipe trap, but it is a very effective live trap set up. It is based on a pretty simple bait and snare trigger methodology. The squirrel pulls the bait line and it closes the door, as the catch on the door slips off allowing it to slide down. It has a screen end and is a good trap to transport your squirrels in, so I thought I’d include it.
I hope these DIY traps can help you and your furry friends safely get some peace!