Bug out bags are generally used when you literally need to evacuate and leave your home. Bug out bags have enough supplies to last at least 72 hours or more in a survival situation. Inside of these larger bags are essentials for your survival over a longer period of time. In contrast to the go bags, bug out bags are larger and store a heavier amount of gear and are designed for surviving from a few days to a few weeks.
When you’re thinking about putting together a list of things to put in your go bag, it’s easy to gather too many things and over pack your bag. That’s why we’ve put together a list of the 18 most essential things that you need to have.
Water or a Water Filtration System
Water is heavy so make sure you properly plan for this. A good way to compensate the excessive weight of water is purchase water pouches or water boxes. You can purchase these emergency water pouches off of any survival supply webstore. If you want to completely omit the water pouches and boxes all together, then a water filtration system is perfect.
MREs, freeze dried food, high calorie food bars, and protein bars are among the favorites to packs. Keeping in mind that you want to make sure that your go bag is as efficient as possible, it’s important to conserve space. Canned foods are not a good idea for a go bag.
You’ll need some type of shelter in your go bag. A Mylar tent is best for the job. It’s lightweight and easy to slip into one of the inner pockets of your bag. Being that it’s a small item, you can pack one or more as backup sheltering in case your main one gets damaged. In addition to a Mylar tent, you can also pack a heavy duty tarp. You can use the tarp to cover a constructed simple lean-to tent and be protected from the elements.
Fire starters are vitally important. Most people think to pack matches, particularly waterproof matches, but also don’t forget lighters, flint starter kits, and kindling material. Some excellent household kindling material that is lightweight and easily packed is dryer lint. Dryer lint is a great accelerant.
Sleeping Bags and Blankets
You’ll need a sleeping bag or a blanket. These items are really bulky so plan accordingly. You’ll want to probably get a hiking/camping pack to use as your go bag if you intend on packing a sleeping bag. Most packs come already equipped with the space to tie your sleeping materials to it. When choosing a sleeping bag and blanket, comfort and quality is important.
First Aid Kits and Other Medical Supplies
A go bag wouldn’t be complete without including a first aid kit and necessary medical supplies. You don’t really need a huge kit, unless you’re packing for a family. A simple personal first aid kit would be fine. It must include the basics such as bandaging, gauze, tape, burn cream, antibiotic ointment, and anti-allergy tablets. You can also buy a simple kit and adapt it to your needs. A suture kit should be included also for those times when you need to stitch up yourself or someone else.
Survival Knife and Other Multi-Function Tools
A survival knife and a multi-use knife tool will take the place of many other tools that you may not have room for. When choosing a knife, be sure to comparison shop and pay attention to customer reviews. You want one that is tried and proven to be beneficial and efficient. The same goes for a multi-use tool. It’s a priceless addition to your bag and will save time.
Flashlights & Batteries
Don’t ever forget your flashlight! A person doesn’t know how much they may need a flashlight until the time comes when they’re caught without one. Most preppers know that flashlights are an essential item to pack along with replacement batteries.
Personal Hygiene Toiletries
What kind of personal toiletries could you include? Think of everything you use on a daily basis, and include it. Here’s a short list of basic toiletries:
- Toilet paper (Pack camping toilet paper to conserve space)
- Dental health items: Toothbrush/Toothpaste/Mouthwash/Floss
- Bar soap or Body wash
- Shampoo and conditioner
- Lotions & Creams (including facial creams and cleansers)
- Shaving Cream & Razors
- Feminine products (sanitary napkins and tampons can double as medical supplies. See: 15 Not Useless Items to Stockpile
While these items can get pretty bulky it’s recommended that you check out the trial/travel size section of your local Walmart or other discount store, and grab some of these items at a low price and stock up.
Duct tape used to be the go to item in your go bag to stitch up ripped clothing and gear, but aside from that, you can also add small and simple sewing kit. A sewing kit is necessary for not only repairing clothing, but also repairing gear that may become damaged. You can reinforce your patchwork with duct tape to insure the quality. If your tarp gets a tear in it, stitch it up quickly with your sewing kit.
Camping Utensils (Mess Kit)
Camping dinnerware and utensils are recommended. Once you’ve bugged out and you’re ready to each your meals that you’ve packed, you’ll need something to eat them with. A simple camping mess kit will be fine. It doesn’t take up too much space and it’s lightweight.
Extra Clothing (Including Socks)
Extra clothing takes up space, but they are necessary and extremely recommended. It’s important to have in case your original clothing gets wet or destroyed somehow. One way to bypass the bulkiness of extra clothing is by vacuum sealing them in bags. This cuts the amount of space it takes up down by half, if not more, depending on what you pack.
Dan’s Tip: At the very least, put your socks in a zipper bag to keep them waterproof. Do the same with all items that can get wet should yoru bag be left in the rain.
Money and other Personal Identification Items
Money is important. You’ll need to purchase additional things when it is required, particular food and maybe water. So make sure you pack money in small bills. Larger bills won’t get you far unless you tend on splurging during a crisis situation. Yeah, probably not, so the smaller the better. Several counts of $1, $5, and $10 bills will be good.
Unless you plan on disappearing completely after a crisis situation, it’s vitally important to carry personal identification items with you. Most situations are temporary, like a natural disaster or terrorist attack. In these cases, you’ll want to be able to be identified quickly if stopped by the authorities. A driver’s license or state issued ID, passport, medical alert cards, concealed carry license and a living will, are some of the few identification items that should be packed.
Binding Cords, Bungee Cords, and Rope
Binding cords are necessary for a variety of uses such as sheltering, trapping, fishing, medical supplies, climbing and more. Add some 550 Paracord to you go bag.
Weapons & Self Defense
You need something to protect yourself when you are bugging out. Whether you take a weapon to protect yourself from hostile animals or hostile people, it’s important to have a means to protect yourself. A person must remember that in a crisis situation, the main object on everyone’s mind is survival. There are some people who will not think twice before taking the life of someone unarmed, just to lay claim to their supplies. This doesn’t have to be you. Carry a gun or another type of weapon, and learn some advanced self-defense moves.
Notepad and Pen
Overlooked often, the notepad and pen are an extremely important combo to include in your go bag. Why? There will be times when you need to map out an area, write directions, write a note, or even simply draw a picture. If you didn’t pack these items, you’ll be forced to utilize your memory which may be stressful in a crisis situation. Pack a half dozen small notepads and a pack of pens. If you opt to pack pencils instead of pens, don’t forget to also include a pencil sharpener.
Solar & Hand Crank Radio
A solar or hand crank radio is important to help you keep up with what’s going on in the world during a crisis. These types of radios are fairly inexpensive and can be purchased online at survival supply stores and Amazon.com. These radios are small; each often no longer than a $1 USD. They take up little space and can help you stay abreast on what’s happening. No need to worry about replacement batteries either when you opt for a solar or hand crank.
And there you have it. This list of 18 go bag essentials is a starting point for you. You can always add more to this list to fit your own needs, but keep in mind that the more you add the more weight you add also. A go bag is supposed to help you move quickly and efficiently. If it’s too heavy, then it completely takes away from the purpose. By sticking to the essentials you’ll make sure that you have what you need to survive when you bug out.