Keeping a sizable supply of clean drinking water on hand is one of the most essential preps that you can put into place for any situation. Preppers need fresh water for drinking as well as cooking, and any of us can only go a few days at most with absolutely no water to drink.
Accordingly, it is far from uncommon to find proponents of the personal readiness lifestyle stashing huge quantities of bottled or jugged water in their homes, or even investing in tanks and barrels that can hold dozens of gallons. But one consideration escapes some of these dedicated preppers.
How long can this water be stored safely? Does it ever go bad?
Clean, pure water can be stored for quite a long time, but its shelf life varies. Water that is stored in a user supplied barrel or other large vessel will be more vulnerable to contamination by algae and bacteria then factory bottled or purified water.
Even factory prepared and sealed water will over time degrade and lose volume due to evaporation and the leaching of chemicals from its container.
So long as you are storing water correctly and taking basic steps to keep it fresh and safe, your water will keep for a very long time although the taste and drink ability will steadily degrade. There is much more to consider on this important topic, as you might expect, and we have provided you with more information just below.
Does bottled water go bad?
Contrary to the prognostications of butterfly-chasers who are missing the forest for the trees, water that is factory prepared, be it in bottles, jugs or any other container, does not have a proper expiration date even though the bottle might be marked with an expiration, sell-by or best-by date.
This of course begs the question, if that is true why is it marked with the date in the first place?
The answer is simple: certain states or even certain localities might mandate any consumable good that is sold in their domain be marked with some sort of freshness or sell-by date. It could be embossed in the plastic of the bottle, printed on the cap or written on the label.
It doesn’t matter where or how it is marked; it is just mandated that it be there and that means manufacturers, and an effort to save a tiny bit of money on packaging and processing, will simply print that date on every single bottle of water they sell.
However, it should be noted that just because water does not have an expiration date in reality, the water might not taste good after it is stored for a long period of time.
That onset of offensive taste or odor might take place before the sell-by date on the bottle or it might take place after. More on that in a minute.
When Good Water Goes Bad
Properly prepared and packaged factory produced bottled water will likely remain safe as long as the water lasts and the seals on the package remain intact. However, preppers are reminded that water is quite the solvent, and over time will likely leach various chemicals from its packaging.
Studies have shown that this leaching, though rarely dangerous, will significantly impact the taste of water and not for the better.
Note that just because your long-term storage bottled water tastes bad or funky it does not mean it is unsafe to drink.
You should also consider the notion that crisp, clear water sourced from a pristine natural lake or stream could also be terribly contaminated on the microscopic level, so keep your priorities in order!
So, if you crack open a bottle or jug of water that has been sitting on the rack for quite a while and it has a slightly burnt, coppery or decidedly plastic note to the taste, know that it is probably just fine to drink even if it makes you crinkle your nose.
How About Water that Has a Broken Seal or was Never Sealed in the First Place?
Water that is not totally pure and has not been sealed is a different story, as is pure water that is placed in a container that is anything but.
Water is often host to all sorts of microscopic life, including bacteria, viruses and algae. When these tiny life forms are present they will begin to multiply if conditions are right.
A great way to create the aforementioned right conditions is to open a sealed container, drink from it, then recap it and put it back. The human mouth is a hideous hotbed of microscopic life, life that is now swarming through the water you just quaffed.
The bottom line is that any water you store that has not been purified and sealed inside a sterilized container should be consumed within a week or two at the most unless you want to risk serious colonies of microscopic life taking it over.
The longer you wait the more microscopic critters you’ll have to deal with, and quite a few of them can make you terribly sick.
What’s the Deal with Storing Water in Large Containers?
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Storing water in larger vessels, like 55-gallon drums or even multi hundred gallon tanks complicates things somewhat for preppers.
Unlike those big bottled water factories, you don’t have the high-tech equipment necessary to purify huge amounts of water quickly on hand at your beck and call. That means you’ll have two choices when it comes to the water you place into storage.
You may either slowly and laboriously filter or otherwise purify it in order to get as much storage life out of it as possible or you can take your water as you find it and pour it straight into your containers.
There’s also an additional complication in assuring that your containers are completely sterile and totally free of biological life. This is of course only theoretical, as accomplishing this practically is extremely difficult.
Regardless of which method you go with, compared to factory produced and sealed bottled water you will have to regularly inspect and likely treat your water to keep it free of any would-be contamination like algae or bacteria.
Treatment methods vary depending on the quantity, your storage solution, and what sort of contaminant you are trying to combat.
At least whatever container you choose, large or small, for storing your water poses no more risks to your water supply compared to a factory bottle or jug so long as it is designed for the purpose of storing drinking water.
Water does not really have a shelf life though you will lose water to evaporation over time no matter how tightly sealed your container is. Any source of factory sealed water that is then opened will become vulnerable to contamination, especially if you drink from it.
Larger, home filled containers will usually require. Periodic treatment over time to prevent the infestation of algae, bacteria and other undesirable microscopic life.
Tom Marlowe practically grew up with a gun in his hand, and has held all kinds of jobs in the gun industry: range safety, sales, instruction and consulting, Tom has the experience to help civilian shooters figure out what will work best for them.