There are a lot of challenges that come with food growing. Even when you have the land for it, you run into diseases, pest, and many other hurdles that you will have to navigate when growing produce. This doesn’t even take into account a SHTF situation, which brings a whole slew of problems on its own. But, with our guide, you will have the confidence to start your own prepper’s homestead in your backyard, or in your apartment. We will be addressing ideas and solutions that will help you prepare for both situations, so let’s begin with homesteading in a home.
Homesteading in an Urban Environment
How is it possible to grow all the produce I need in my backyard? This is a question that gets asked over and over again. Most are surprised that you can even do it. Before you even start planting those first seeds or building that chicken coop, there are some things you will want to figure out beforehand. Most importantly, you will want to find out if your city, HOA (Home Owner’s Association), or community will allow you even to have an edible garden. MANY cities are cracking down on this, and many HOAs forbid them.
Not only do you want to find this out, but you will also want to check on everything you want to do. That includes chickens, aquaponics, water catching, and anything that may cause you grief in the future due to laws and ordinances. We don’t condone breaking the law, but if you must, at least you are creating food for yourself and your family.
So you know the laws and it’s time to start, but how? You need to plan out your garden in the most efficient way, so you maximize your grow space. Every inch of your property has potential to grow for you, or provide energy or water. So the best advice to give is starting slow with a plan and maximize your space.
A great place to start is the garden. Start on the edge of your property, and here will go mostly fruit trees and some vegetables. As you work towards your house, you will gradually make it more and more garden for strictly vegetables and herbs. Maximizing your limited space with options hanging baskets, vertical gardens , and companion planting will turn a small backyard into thriving ecosystem full of edibles.
If you have the space for a small greenhouse, do it! You will extend your growing season like you wouldn’t believe. With the greenhouse, you can start earlier, and grow through the winter inside it. This gradual shift from fruit trees to produce garden will help to mimic nature and give you a huge advantage over traditional methods.
Within the greenhouse, you will want to grow medicinal herbs like chamomile, lemon balm, and St.Johns Wort. In fact, you will find out as time goes on which herbs are your favorite and those are the ones that you will want to move from the herb garden and into the greenhouse. The sole purpose of this is, so you have ‘go-to’ herbs always ready for you.
If you haven’t researched it yet, we have an article on permaculture design that will help you to understand this concept. No to mention, the trees will contribute in concealing your garden from neighbors, looters, or anyone that just happens to walk by your place.
With your garden planned out, you will want to start composting your scraps, lawn clippings, and anything worth putting in there. The compost is an integral part of the garden because, without it, you will slowly deplete your soil of vital nutrients that it needs to grow those beautiful vegetables and fruits.
Learn everything you can about composting, and you will surely reap the rewards. Because you are growing in a confined space, an excellent idea to learn and implement is ‘hot composting.’ This composting method isn’t far off from the traditional method, ‘cold composting,’ but there are some differences. Primarily you focus on getting the right balance between materials high in carbon and nitrogen.
When you do this, and you turn it every two days or so while making sure your compost is ‘spongy’ wet, you get beautiful black dirt high in microbes and nutrients in about two weeks as opposed to months with the traditional method.
Now you are growing and composting, what is next? Water should have come to mind immediately. Without it, you are going to have a hard time growing anything. The only reason this one isn’t at the top of the list is that, hopefully, you have running water; considering you are in the suburbs or an urban environment.
There are many methods of doing this, and if you are patient, you can collect all the water you need for your urban homestead. Installing barrels for your gutters to drain into is a good way to collect water. Some people may have issues with the chemicals used to make shingles washing into this water, but if you NEED water in a SHTF situation, you will be glad you did this. You can also use tarps to create a great water collector. And of course, you can dig a retention pond to store excess water.
A simple way to pump water when there is no electricity is a ram pump. These pumps develop pressure by a two-chamber system and work solely off of water. A prepper’s dream for watering the garden when there is no electricity or water pressure.
Keeping on the subject of water, if you can set up your own aquaponics system, do it. These things are amazing for the garden and an excellent source of fish for you. With an aquaponic garden, you will have the fish fertilizing your edibles, and the added benefit of another source of protein. These can become relatively complicated or simple enough to complete on a Saturday. This is something that you would want to keep away from prying eyes, so the garage or in the house is a good place to keep it.
Since we touched on the threat of no electricity, you may want to invest in alternative energy like solar and wind. There are many DIY guides in building your own solar panels and wind generators. They are also becoming more affordable as the demand for alternative energy rises in the global consciousness. With a home, you have the benefit of having a lot of unused surface space on your roof.
A homestead wouldn’t be complete without a few chickens. This is heavily subject to where you live, as there are cities that explicitly forbid them. Not only that, they are loud, and everyone will know that you have them. There are ways to limit this, though. One is to get rid of the rooster. One of the chickens will ‘take command, ‘ but she won’t be as loud as a rooster. Another method is sound proofing your chicken coop as much as possible. There are also breeds that don’t make as much noise like Wyandottes, Cochins, or Brahmas to name a few.
Remember always to look to maximize your growing space. Use things like hanging baskets or planter boxes attached to the fence, the house, or garage. Research and learn the laws in your area, and stay informed on new laws and innovations that come out for homesteading.
Homesteading in an Apartment
This brings all sorts of new challenges, but like homesteading in a home, with some research and detailed planning, you can grow a lot of produce with your limited space. Like a home, the first thing you will want to find out is your limitations by the laws and apartment complex’s rules.
After you have a good understanding of your limitations, you can begin to grow with planter boxes and hanging baskets. Hopefully, you have a balcony and some large windows. These areas will have to be covered with edible plants for this to produce enough edibles to make it worth your time.
Planter boxes should be staggered, and or stacked to create a vertical garden so you can have a whole wall full of plants. Grow things that don’t need a lot of sunlight in the bottom boxes, and you guessed it, full sun crops in the top ones. From here, put hanging baskets everywhere you can.
Hanging baskets work wonderfully well for vines and plants like tomatoes and cucumbers. They hang down and become an easy way to harvest.
Always experiment and look for ways that you can maximize your growing space. This will also help to conceal the inside of your apartment, but of course, you are also the person that has a garden on your balcony. You can also use large containers for things like potatoes, carrots, and radishes.
Your medicinal herbs can be grown inside as most herbs don’t need a lot of sunlight to thrive. If you have a window in your kitchen, you may want to use this window as your medicinal herb garden. This is also a great location for all your go-to herbs for culinary uses. The point is, bring the medicinal herbs inside so they are within arms reach and your balcony space is used strictly for vegetables.
Find out about co-ops in your area, or better yet, ask your apartment owner about establishing one for the apartment complex. This option will ensure that you have all the growing space you need.
In regards to fruit trees, you do have an option, albeit small. You can bonsai fruit trees or train them to stay small; growing them in pots. This will give you smaller fruits, but it is a way for you to grow some yourself.
Now composting is a different story. You can’t just pick a corner and start doing it. There are, however, compost bins that you can buy that are completely closed, so there is no smell and no mess.
This is your only option besides going to your local garden supply store and buying a bag of compost. Learn about hot composting as well, because there is almost no smell when a hot compost is done correctly.
You are very limited into how much water you can collect from your apartment. You can install gutters onto your balcony, and with permission, set up rain collectors outside or on your balcony as well.
This will be one of your biggest challenges, because of the limited space, and the need to water plants inside, and typically, underneath a balcony, so rain doesn’t naturally fall into these areas in large quantities. Having a co-op will give you more options.
It is possible for you to set up a small aquaponics system in your apartment. This is completely up to the rules of the apartment complex, though, as some do not allow fish tanks. If you are allowed to, you will provide a lot of nutrients for your garden that would otherwise be hard to come by due to your situation.
In regards to alternative energy, you are going to find that you will need to make some sacrifices to your growing space if you want to install solar panels. This will have to go on the balcony, and if your apartment happens to have little sun exposure throughout the day, it might not even be worth the investment. The best advice is to hire a professional to look at your situation if you have any doubts.
If you are allowed to have a chicken in your apartment, you may want to find a new apartment complex. Jokes aside, this is probably not an option for you. If the apartment owner is willing to establish a co-op within the apartment complex; that will give you more space to grow food, make allies, and possibly have chickens.
The best option for raising your own meat in this situation is undoubtedly rabbits. They are quiet, fairly easy to take care of, provide a decent amount of meat, and they breed like crazy.
Developing a co-op(also known as a community garden) at your apartment complex is a great way to grow all the produce you need, and as stated, build relationships and allies with your neighbors. Prepping isn’t easy alone, and like with most things, there is strength in numbers.
Using opportunities like a co-op to bring together like-minded people may be the catalyst to building a lasting relationship with fellow preppers. The worst thing that could happen is the owner says no you can’t have a co-op garden.
Prepping and finding a balance between the city life and urban homesteading is one of the greatest challenges you will face. So whether you are in an apartment, house, duplex, or any dwelling in the city for that matter; you have options when it comes to homesteading.
Finding like-minded individuals to help establish a co-op(A lot of subdivisions are doing this as well) will give you peace of mind. Knowing that there are people out there with the same concerns and are taking actions to be prepared will keep you grounded and centered in your preparations.
Not only that, the wealth of knowledge, manpower, and ingenuity that others bring to a group are priceless in a SHTF scenario. Having others there watching your back, will allow you to focus on what matters most; family, friends, urban homesteading, and prepping.